Political Power in China and America

The peasants depended on soldiers to do the defending, who made leaders that turned around and oppressed the peasants. Some peasants rebelled and overturned the leaders, but the rebels would become soldiers and oppress the peasants in turn. This cycle was stopped when Mao Zedong’s communist agrarian revolution took power. The rights of the peasants are protected and defended. Mao understood that without peasants who grew food for the city folks, there would be no art and science; there would be no civilization. Without the peasants who grew food for the soldiers, the greatest armies would fall in a matter of days. Maoism is therefore an example of political power based on the support and the shared benefits of the peasants.

Mao understood that the peasants must be prepared to defend their rights and their land, and that they must be armed to do that, because their enemies would be well armed. Hence the quote: Political power grows out of the barrel of a gun. Peter Man

Westerners don’t understand political power in China, and don’t understand the Chinese Communist Party.

There is a profound belief in the West that a one-party system is unsustainable because it is incapable of reform. That is not born out by the history of the CPC. It has, more than any other party in the world, displayed a remarkable ability to reform. Perhaps the most dramatic illustration was the transition from Mao Zedong to Deng Xiaoping. Deng recognised that the Maoist system was stymied and introduced two fundamental reforms: he embraced the market as integral to Chinese socialism alongside the state and planning; and integrated China into the global economy. Such a profound shift could only be executed by a party possessed of huge self-confidence and with very deep roots in society. It is also a reminder of the essential pragmatism that informs the CPC. “Seek truth from facts” lies at the heart of its philosophy and has been the underlying principle of the reform period. This has never been the case more than now. Professionalism, experimentalism and the scientific method are the hallmark of Chinese governance.

In the West, the debate about governance has been overwhelmingly organised around the principle of electoral democracy. State competence is regarded as very much secondary. The opposite is true in China: state competence is primary. This is closely related to the importance attached to meritocracy, both now and historically. In order to rise to the highest levels, the party requires a very high level of education and the broadest experience of managing a modern economy and society. Two examples will suffice to illustrate the extraordinary competence of Chinese governance: first, China’s economic rise over the last 40 years, the most remarkable economic transformation in modern history; and second, the manner in which China succeeded in eliminating the pandemic, which was a triumph of governance. Martin Jacques

Views of the balance of power between U.S. and China | 

China, America, and the International Order after the …https://warontherocks.com › 2020/03 › china-america-a…

The Great Proletarian Cultural Revolution


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