China’s Covid-19 timeline is interesting because it begins in September, 1943, when the US Army created “Operation Capricious,” a secret biowarfare program that it described to higher-ups as purely defensive against insect pests enemy nations might use against America by bombing America with germ-infected insects, and placed under the direction of George W. Merck, president of pharmaceutical giant, Merck & Co. The program produced and stockpiled bacillus anthracis (anthrax), clostridium botulinum (botulism), and other deadly bacteria until President Truman, who approved the use of atomic weapons against Japanese civilians, approved and operationalized by the U.S. military in 1952 against North Korea and parts of China, but it was crude and unsuccessful, like all prior biowarfare efforts had been. As Jeffrey A. Lockwood, Six-Legged Soldiers: Using Insects as Weapons of War,

In January 1976[2] several soldiers at Fort Dix complained of a respiratory illness diagnosed as influenza. The next month, Private David Lewis, who had the symptoms, participated in a five-mile forced march, collapsed and died. The New Jersey Department of Health tested samples from the Fort Dix soldiers. While the majority of samples were of the more common A Victoria flu strain, two were not. The atypical samples were sent to the Centers for Disease Control in Atlanta, Georgia, which found evidence of Swine influenza A, related to the 1918 flu pandemic which killed 50-100 million people worldwide.

The Center for Disease Control (now the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention) verified the findings and informed both the World Health Organization and the state of New Jersey. On February 13, CDC Director David Sencer completed a memo calling for mass immunization for the swine flu. The CDC Assistant Director for Programs of the Center for Disease Control, Bruce Dull, held a press conference on February 19[3] to discuss the flu outbreak at Fort Dix and, in response to questions from reporters, mentioned the relationship of the flu strain to the 1918 outbreak.[4]

President Gerald Ford was officially informed of the outbreak memo on March 15 [5] and the suggested immunization program. He met with a “blue ribbon” panel which included Jonas Salk and Albert Sabin.[6] Ford then made a televised announcement in support of the mass immunization program. A hearing was held before the United States Senate Appropriations Subcommittee on Labor, Health and Human Services, Education, and Related Agencies, and C. Joseph Stetler, drug company spokesman, requested government indemnity for the vaccine manufacturers.[7] Pharmaceutical companies Sharp & Dohme(Merck), Merrell, Wyeth, and Parke-Davis also refused to sell doses to the government unless they were guaranteed a profit, a concession the government also eventually made.[8]

The House Appropriations Committee reported out a special appropriations bill including $135 million for the swine flu immunization program. It was approved on April 5. Two days later, the World Health Organization held a conference to discuss the implications of a swine flu outbreak for poorer nations.

On April 8, an official from the Federal Insurance Company informed Merck & Co., a manufacturer of the swine flu vaccine, that it will exclude indemnity on Merck’s product liability for the swine flu vaccine starting July 1, 1976. T. Lawrence Jones, president of the American Insurance Association, informed the Office of Management and Budget that the insurance industry will not cover liability for the vaccine unless the government extends liability protection. The chairman of Merck wrote a memo a day later, April 13, to various government agencies including the White House emphasizing the “duty to warn”. In May, other vaccine manufacturers including Marion Merrell Dow, Parke-Davis, Wyethwere notified of indemnity problems by their respective insurers. Assistant Secretary Theodore Cooper (HEW) informed the White House on June 2 that indemnity legislation will be needed to secure Merrell’s cooperation. During June other vaccine manufacturers requested the same legislation. A little more than two weeks later, the Ford Administration submitted a proposal to Congress offering indemnity to vaccine manufacturers.

Bruce Dull stated at a flu conference on July 1 that there were no parallels between the 1918 flu pandemic and the current situation. Later that month, J. Anthony Morris, a researcher in the Food and Drug Administration’s Bureau of Biologics (BoB), was dismissed for insubordination and went public with findings that cast doubt on the safety of the vaccine. Three days later, several manufacturers announced they had ceased production of the vaccine. In the latter part of the month, investigations into alleged swine flu outbreaks in other parts of the world found no cases of the strain. On July 23, the President sent a letter urging Congress to take action on indemnification.

In early August an outbreak of illness in Philadelphia was thought to be related to swine flu.[9] It was later found to be an atypical pneumonia thereafter called Legionnaires’ disease. On August 6, President Ford held a press conference urging Congress to take action on the indemnification legislation. Four days later, both Houses of Congress passed the legislation.

Merrill became the first company to submit samples to the FDA’s Bureau of Biologics for safety testing, which approved it on September 2. Merck made the first shipment of vaccines to state health departments by September 22. The first swine flu inoculations were given at the Indiana State Fair.

In October, three people died of heart attacks after receiving the vaccine at the same Pittsburgh clinic, sparking an investigation and recall of that batch of vaccine. Investigation showed that the deaths were not related to the immunization. The President and his family received their immunizations before the television cameras.[10] On November 2, Gerald Ford lost the presidential election to Jimmy Carter.

Also in early November, Albert Sabin published a New York Times editorial, “Washington and the Flu.” [11] He agreed with the decision to create the vaccine and be prepared for an outbreak, but criticized the “scare tactics” used by Washington to achieve the goal. He suggested stockpiling the vaccine and having a wait-and-see strategy. Cases of Guillain-Barré syndrome affecting vaccinated patients were reported in several states, including Minnesota, Maryland, and Alabama.[12]

Three more cases of Guillain-Barré were reported in early December and the investigation into cases of it spread to eleven states. On December 16, 1976, a one-month suspension of the vaccination program was announced by CDC head Sencer. William Foege of the CDC estimated that the incidence of Guillain-Barré was four times higher in vaccinated people than in those not receiving the swine flu vaccine. The President told reporters that he agreed with the suspension, but defended the decision to create the immunization program. Joseph A. Califano, Jr. was sworn in as Secretary of Health, Education, and Welfare on January 20, 1977. On February 4, Sencer was informed that he would be replaced as the head of the CDC. The immunization program was not reinstated.

Dr. David Sencer returned to public service, serving as health commissioner for New York City in 1982, and was criticized by the gay community for dragging his feet in response to the AIDS epidemic.[13] Aftermath:

Laurence Gostin in his article “At Law: Swine Flu Vaccine: What Is Fair?”[14]writes that “…the swine flu affair fails to tell us whether, in the face of scientific uncertainty, it is better to err on the side of caution or aggressive intervention.” There is not even complete agreement about the causal relationship between the swine flu vaccine and Guillain-Barré syndrome, as noted in Gina Kolata’s book Flu: The Story of the Great Influenza Pandemic of 1918 and the Search for the Virus That Caused It.[15] She writes that the CDC did not have a “specific set of tests and symptoms to define Guillain-Barré” and that doctors who reported cases already knew that a link was suspected, so a bias in reporting was introduced. She quotes Keiji Fukuda, “…if a new virus gets identified or reappears, you don’t want to jump the gun and assume a pandemic is happening.”[15]

August 2009. Following the Swine flu outbreak 60 million people, mostly children, received Glaxo Smith Kline’s vaccine, Pandemrix, that caused lifelong narcolepsy and cataplexy–an incurable and lifelong condition and requiring extensive medication–in ten thousand of them. International Business Times UK in a 2014 report that the government is expected to receive a bill of approximately £60 million, with each of the 60 victims expected to receive about £1 million each.



GSK’s H1N1 PandemrixTD vaccine

Glaxo Smith Kline was involved in developing the H1N1 Pandemrix vaccine: The Pandemrix vaccine made by GlaxoSmithKline (GSK) was given to 6 million people in Britain and millions more across Europe during the 2009-10 swine flu pandemic, but was withdrawn when doctors noticed a rise in narcolepsy cases among those who received the jab. In June, a 12-year-old boy was awarded £120,000 by a court that ruled he had been left severely disabled by narcolepsy caused by Pandemrix. The win ended a three-year battle with the government that argued his illness was not serious enough to warrant compensation. Narcolepsy is a permanent condition that can cause people to fall asleep dozens of times a day, even when they are in mid-conversation. Some suffer from night terrors and a problem with muscular control called cataplexy that can lead them to collapse on the spot. (Guardian, September 25, 2015)

November 10, 2015 New SARS-like virus can jump directly from bats to humans, no treatment available. Findings provide an opportunity to develop drugs and vaccines for coronaviruses before they emerges from animals to cause a human epidemic

Source: University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill

Summary: A new bat SARS-like virus has been discovered that can jump directly from its bat hosts to humans without mutation. However, researchers point out that if the SARS-like virus did jump, it is still unclear whether it could spread from human to human.

Share: Researchers from the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill have discovered a new bat SARS-like virus that can jump directly from its bat hosts to humans without mutation. However, researchers point out that if the SARS-like virus did jump, it is still unclear whether it could spread from human to human.

Context: CV19 was an accident/ Given that It occurred at,

  • A period of peak migration,
  • A major hub for domestic rail and international flight,
  • After almost an entire year of dry run on dealing with a pandemic originated from China,
  • After Gates actually warned about an outbreak from a Chinese wet market in Nov 19
  • After Gates presided over a simulation of global pandemic in Oct 19,
  • After an avalanche of unnatural disasters…

February 15, 2018: H7N4 bird flu. Sickened at least 1,600 people in China and killed more than 600. Many chickens killed. China needs to purchase US poultry products.

June, 2018: H7N9 bird flu. Many chickens killed. China needs to purchase US poultry products.

August, 2018: outbreak of African swine flu. Same strain as Russia, from Georgia. Millions of pigs killed. China needs to purchase US pork products.

May 24, 2019: massive infestation of armyworms in 14 province-level regions in China, which destroy most food crops. Quickly spread to more than 8,500 hectares of China’s grain production. They produce astonishing numbers of eggs. China needs to purchase US agricultural products – corn, soybeans.

Time lines revealed exact COVID symptoms pneumonia started since Jan2019, with similar ground glass lung CT Scan.

Curious? Complete Covid Timeline 1943-2021

Jan19 2019: 2,000 serious hospitalized cases of lung failure pneumonia recorded, indicating wide spread infections. US CDC blamed it on e-cigarette or vaping associated lung injury (EVALI), yet not a single case happen in entire world.

Symptoms of Vaping-Associated Lung Injury: These injuries often seem like pneumonia, but they are not caused by an infectious disease, and they do not improve with antibiotics. Respiratory symptoms reported include: shortness of breath, chest pain, pain on breathing, and cough. Other symptoms reported by many patients include: fever, chills, nausea, weight loss, vomiting, diarrhea, or abdominal pain.

OCTOBER 3, 2019 Vaping ruled out. U.S. doctors rule out pneumonia due to inhaled oil as cause of vaping injuries. (Reuters) – Doctors studying lung tissue from people with vaping-related injuries have ruled out one diagnosis as a probable explanation of how vaping harms the lungs, further deepening the mystery over the exact cause of hundreds of illnesses in the United States.


Respiratory illness outbreak at retirement home kills 2 and sickens dozens more in Virginia:


Second Fairfax county retirement community suffers respiratory llness-outbreak.


Why Ft Detrick Lab, Maryland was shut down by CDC?

Why US CDC suddenly withdrawn its epidemiologist Dr. Linda Quick embedded in China CDC to help detect epidemic outbreak?


Why 10,000 sudden early large scale “flu” deaths in US? How many of the 31M “flu” infected & 31,000 deaths are COVID? (US CDC chief admitted some). These can be traced from their lung CT Scan records easily in millions of pneumonia cases, even to exhume some for test.

Lijian Zhao 赵立坚


2/2 CDC was caught on the spot. When did patient zero begin in US? How many people are infected? What are the names of the hospitals? It might be US army who brought the epidemic to Wuhan. Be transparent! Make public your data! US owe us an explanation!



9:37 PM – Mar 12, 2020

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Why Pentagon hawks & CIA Deputy Director joined Event 201 that simulated exactly what COVID is rolling out now?


Why US still refuse to test (or disclose) those USM 369 soldiers send to Wuhan military game to see if they ever been COVID infected(antibody)? How’s Maatje Benassi?


How US intelligence knew & warned WH to proctect USM bases surrounding China on Wuhan cataclysmic outbreak? (ABC news)


Why US intelligence alerted Nato-Israel-allies on Wuhan cataclysmic outbreak, but not China & WHO? (Timesofisrael)


Why US CDC recruiting quarantine specialists for all states in Nov19~May20? (US CDC)


Why SK so coincidentally held mobilization on China Coronavirus outbreak spreading by return Koreans to fully prepare itself timely for outbreak? They said pure luck. (Reuters)


Why China Wuhan Dr Zhang Jixian only detected first few suspect cases mths later than US intelligence report?


China CDC notified WHO & US CDC on unknown nCov cases. Why US kept silence on its intelligence till now?


Why CDC & WH need discuss Covid19 outbreak in a top secret secure facility, with everything Classified Top Secret? Because staffers said, “It has something to do with China.”

White House told federal health agency to classify coronavirus deliberations – sources

The White House has ordered federal health officials to treat top-level coronavirus meetings as classified, an unusual step that has restricted information and hampered the U.S. government’s response to the contagion, according to four Trump administration officials.

The officials said that dozens of classified discussions about such topics as the scope of infections, quarantines and travel restrictions have been held since mid-January in a high-security meeting room at the Department of Health & Human Services (HHS), a key player in the fight against the coronavirus.

The meetings at HHS were held in a secure area called a “Sensitive Compartmentalized Information Facility,” or SCIF, according to the administration officials.

SCIFs are usually reserved for intelligence and military operations. Ordinary cell phones and computers can’t be brought into the chambers. HHS has SCIFs because theoretically it would play a major role in biowarfare or chemical attacks.


Why did U.S. erase large number of news reports on the internet covering Ft Detrick Lab shutdown?

Petition urges US gov’t to clarify army lab shutdown as doubts grow over COVID-19’s origin


Why Fort Detrick military lab was shut down? Why flu-season came earlier all of sudden? What caused vaping pneumonia? Why not allow people to do coronavirus testing? What are you trying to hide? You own everyone an explanation,” Twitter user Julius Ryde commented, directly addressing President Trump.


#Why did U.S. withdraw from 1972 Biological and Toxin Weapons Convention (BTWC) in 2001?

#Why did US threaten & prevent UNSC setting up a monitoring mechanism for the execution of the BTWC Convention? Is it standing in the way of developing biological weapon for the U.S.?

Biological Weapons Convention (BWC) Compliance Protocol

#Why US need increase its BSL4 Lab from 2 to 12, BSL3 Labs increase by 900 after 911 that are self policing?

#Why Pentagon need patented attenuated Coronavirus, and war funded 400 bioweapon Labs set up globally?

The Pentagon Bio-weapons

The US Army regularly produces deadly viruses, bacteria and toxins in direct violation of the UN Convention on the prohibition of Biological Weapons. Hundreds of thousands of unwitting people are systematically exposed to dangerous pathogens and other incurable diseases. Bio warfare scientists using diplomatic cover test man-made viruses at Pentagon bio laboratories in 25 countries across the world.

These US bio-laboratories are funded by the Defense Threat Reduction Agency (DTRA) under a $ 2.1 billion military program– Cooperative Biological Engagement Program (CBEP), and are located in former Soviet Union countries such as Georgia and Ukraine, the Middle East, South East Asia and Africa.

December, 2019: Coronavirus appearance puts China’s economy on hold.

January, 2020: China is hit by a “highly pathogenic” strain of bird flu in Hunan province. Many chickens died, many others killed. China needs to purchase US poultry products.

After two years of trade blitzkrieg failed to achieve Trump’s coveted decoupling from China…….

In the midst of intense provocations at TW straits and SCS/]

Coronavirus and China: the Dark Side


September 2008: Though the first cases of H1N1 swine flu were reported in California and Texas in late March, 2009, genetic analysis suggests that it began six months earlier This is significant because the CDC now admits that early Covid-19 cases went undetected.

May 28, 2015 More than 200 US biosafety level 3 and 4 labs working with dangerous pathogens and keep their safety records secret. Fort Detrick, MD is one of twelve in that state.

May 16, 2018: The White House Fires the entire US Pandemic Response Team.

May 2nd, 2019– The chemical and biological defense unit of USA Defense Fort Detrick, MD announced its bid to develop SARS and MERS virus inhibitors.

Jun19 started series of smearing campaign with on Wuhan BLS4 Lab stealing Canada Lab Coronavirus to dev bioweapon. Zerohedge Doxxing Wuhan scientists.


US axed its epidemiologist Linda Quick embeded with China CDC.

“The message from the administration was, ‘Don’t work with China, they’re our rival,’” Frieden said.

U.S. axed CDC expert job in China months before virus outbreak

18 Oct 2019–Event 201 simulates Coronavirus pandemic watch by Pentagon, pharma giants,..

On the same day, USM sent 300 “soya” soldiers to Wuhan military game that ranked 35th.

November 12–On November 12, a married couple from Inner Mongolia was admitted to a Beijing hospital, seeking treatment for pneumonic plague. The Chinese CDC, on Weibo – the Chinese Twitter – told public opinion that the chances of this being a new plague were “extremely low.” The couple was quarantined. Four days later, a third case of pneumonic plague was identified: a man also from Inner Mongolia, not related to the couple. Twenty-eight people who were in close contact with the man were quarantined. None had plague symptoms. Pneumonic plague has symptoms of respiratory failure similar to pneumonia. Even though the CDC repeated, “there is no need to worry about the risk of infection”, of course there was plenty of skepticism. The CDC may have publicly confirmed on November 12 these cases of pneumonic plague. But then Li Jifeng, a doctor at Chaoyang Hospital where the trio from Inner Mongolia was receiving treatment, published, privately, on WeChat, that they were first transported to Beijing actually on November 3.The key point of Li Jinfeng’s post – later removed by censors – was when she wrote, “I am very familiar with diagnosing and treating the majority of respiratory diseases (…) But this time, I kept on looking but could not figure out what pathogen caused the pneumonia. I only thought it was a rare condition and did not get much information other than the patients’ history.”

B/Nov19–US military’s National Center for Medical Intelligence (NCMI) reported concerns about China coronavirus pandemic to US gov repeatedly that it will seriously affect USM bases in SK & Jp. “Analysts concluded it could be a cataclysmic event,”


US intelligence alerted Israel, NATO to disease outbreak in China in November —The Times of Israel reported that U.S. intelligence agencies were aware of the disease as early as the second week of November and shared the information with President Donald Trump’s White House, NATO, and Israel. The U.S. administration did not deem the report “of interest” while Israeli officials discussed the possibility of the threat but ultimately took no action. What NATO’s response was to the report—if any—is thus far unknown.


US CDC start recruiting quarantine specialists for many states.


USM ally SK run China Coronavirus outbreak exercise., deem pure good luck just ready for everything.

Two dozen leading infectious diseases specialists tackled a worrying scenario: a South Korean family contracts pneumonia after a trip to China, where cases of an unidentified disease had arisen.


China Wuhan Dr Zhang Jixian detected & reported suspicious cases to CDC.


China notified WHO & US CDC. WHO timeline.

“As far back as late November, U.S. intelligence officials were warning that a contagion was sweeping through China’s Wuhan region, changing the patterns of life and business and posing a threat to the population, according to four sources briefed on the secret reporting.

“Analysts concluded it could be a cataclysmic event,” one of the sources said of the NCMI’s report. “It was then briefed multiple times to” the Defense Intelligence Agency, the Pentagon’s Joint Staff and the White House.”

June 14, 2019– CDC finds US Institute of Infectious Diseases at Fort Detrick, MD non-compliant with its pathogen control agreement.

June 30, 2019– Unidentified pneumonia in Springfield, VA nursing home near Fort Detrick, MD, VA, 15 minutes from Fort Belvoir, VA, where the US team trained for the Wuhan Military Games.

July 9, 2019–The White House withdraws its only US epidemiologist embedded with China’s CDC. Why?

July 9th, Report of vape pneumonia in Alexandria, VA, 100km southeast of Fort Detrick, MD. The lung images showed the Covid-19 ground glass shadow. Still unexplained.

July 12th, 2019–Respiratory outbreak at Springfield, Virginia assisted care facility, near Fort Detrick, MD, v kills 2, sickens 54. A third patient dies four days later. Deaths remain unexplained to this day.

Jul 14, 2019–Chinese researcher escorted from infectious disease lab amid RCMP investigation. Public Health Agency of Canada describes it as a possible ‘policy breach,’ no risk to Canadian public. Did she discover the Covid-19 outbreak?

July 17th, 2019–A pneumonia epidemic report reported at a nursing home in Burke, VA,56 minutes from Fort Detrick, MD. It remains unexplained to this day.

July 18.–Fairfax County health officials said they don’t yet have a cause of the respiratory illness that sickened more than 60 residents at a Northern Virginia senior living community. The outbreak at Greenspring Retirement Community in Springfield began June 30. Sick residents had symptoms such as coughs, fevers and pneumonia Three people have also died, but Dr. Benjamin Schwartz of the Fairfax County Health Department said Wednesday afternoon that those who died were “older” and had complex health problems. Officials don’t yet know the extent to which the respiratory illness contributed to their deaths, he said. At least 20 were taken to a hospital.The community has implemented infection-prevention measures including cancelling group activities, increasing cleaning, isolating infected patients in their rooms and restricting visitors, Schwartz said. Health officials said last week what was striking about the outbreak was the number of residents impacted and the time of year — summer instead of winter, when flu and respiratory illness usually spread.

July 26, Virginia State Health Bureau takes measures to prevent the spread of the pneumonia epidemic, including stopping collective activities, screening residents, and extra cleanliness.

August 5th, Media widely reports that the CDC’s closure of Fort Detrick, MD was for national security.

August 6, 2019–CDC shuts down America’s main biological warfare lab at Fort Detrick, VA, an unheard-of civilian intervention in military affairs. A senior scientist describes the atmosphere there as one of “fear and mistrust.” The CDC refuses to provide details.

August 19th , CDC expands patient detection system with the same symptoms as existing patients.

Aug 26, 2019 – The Virginia Department of Health confirms three cases of severe lung illness associated with the use of e-cigarettes, known as vaping.

September 2019–US military team trains for Military Games at Fort Belvoir, near Fort Detrick, MD. A nationwide outbreak of a mysterious pneumonia causes severe respiratory problems in hundreds of people, kills 54. So-called ‘vaping-associated lung disease’ shares same symptoms as Covid-19 and images invariably show the same bilateral ground-glass opacities.

Oct. 18 2019–The Deputy Director of the CIA participated in a Johns Hopkins, WEF, and the Gates Foundation hosted a pandemic tabletop exercise codenamed Event 201 modeling a fictional coronavirus pandemic.

Sept 14-October 10–November Coronavirus identified in Italy after laboratory tests isolated a strain of the virus from an Italian patient with genetic differences from the original strain isolated in China. Massimo Galli, professor of infectious diseases at the University of Milan said, “Very strange pneumonias” circulated in Europe as early as November last year.

Sept 22– United States CDC terminates epidemiologist Linda Quick’s position at China’s CCDC

Nov. 11–CDC Advertises for Quarantine Managers for all major cities


December 5. A Chinese medical researcher is arrested in Boston trying to take biological samples back to China. Zheng Zaosong, of Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, confessed to taking material from a lab in Boston. FBI Special Agent Kara Spice found 21 wrapped vials containing a “brown liquid” that appeared to be “biological material” (samples of post-mortem lung tissue look like ‘brown liquid’). Zheng’s roommate, also a researcher, told FBI agents that two labmates of Zheng had succeeded in getting specimens to China. China, presumably, now went on high alert.

December 12–According to a Thai online news Thaiger reported on 9 January 2020, the new viral outbreak was first detected in the city of Wuhan on 12 December 2019. The source of this information was not provided in the news. It also quoted a translation Chinese state broadcaster CCTV reporting on the same day of the news that “its symptoms are mainly fever, with a number of patients having difficulty breathing. Eight patients had recovered and been discharged from the hospital as of Wednesday, and no deaths have been reported.” Identification of a novel coronavirus causing severe pneumonia in humans: a descriptive study. Chinese Medical Journal. doi:10.1097/CM9.0000000000000722. PMID 32004165.

December 21–In CCDC Weekly (Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention) Chinese epidemiologists published an article stating that the first cluster of patients with “pneumonia of an unknown cause” occurred beginning 21 December 2019. Virus more prevalent in older adults. A Novel Coronavirus Genome Identified in a Cluster of Pneumonia Cases — Wuhan, China 2019−2020“. China CDC Weekly. 2 (4): 61–62. Archived from the original on 7 February 2020. Retrieved 8 February 2020 via

Dec. 27, 2019 – Dr. Zhang Jixian, ICU doctor at Hubei Hospital reports to Wuhan Municipal Health Commission on pneumonia patients with an unknown cause..

Dec. 28, 2019– Three more patients arrive at the hospital, all related to Huanan Seafood Market.

Dec. 30, 2019 – Wuhan Municipal Health Committee issues notice of an unknown viral illness.Doctors in Wuhan observed an unusual kind of pneumonia in late December. On December 31, a high-level team arrived from Beijing to investigate the reports coming from the hospitals. That day, on the last day of 2019, the Chinese authorities informed the Beijing office of the WHO of “cases of pneumonia unknown etiology [medical term for cause].”

On January 2, according to the WHO’s situation report, “the incident management system was activated across the three levels of WHO (country office, regional office and headquarters).” Four countries had by January 20 reported incidents of what would later be known as COVID-19—China, Thailand, Japan, and South Korea. Six people had died in Wuhan City.

On January 4, the WHO announced publicly that the Chinese authorities had informed it of “a cluster of pneumonia cases—with no deaths—in Wuhan.” This was also reported by the WHO on its official Twitter account. The next day, on January 5, the WHO published its first risk assessment. “There is limited information to determine the overall risk of this reported cluster of pneumonia of unknown etiology,” the WHO wrote. “The symptoms reported among the patients are common to several respiratory diseases, and pneumonia is common in the winter season; however, the occurrence of 44 cases of pneumonia requiring hospitalization clustered in space and time should be handled prudently.” It is important to know that the population of Wuhan City is roughly 11 million and of Hubei Province is roughly 58 million. The 44 cases of what was then called pneumonia were of concern, but there was not—at that time—an imperative to sound a global alarm.

Evidence of Human-to-Human Transmission

A virus provokes alarm if it can be proved that it moves from an infected human to another human being. This was not clear to either Chinese authorities or to the WHO until January 20.

On December 31, the Wuhan Municipal Health Commission declared that there was no evidence to show human-to-human transmission at this point (for instance, no medical worker had been infected). That conclusion was verifiedon January 4 by the first expert team of China’s National Health Commission. At regular intervals, both the National Health Commission and the Wuhan Municipal Health Commission reported that there was simply no clear evidence of human-to-human transmission. On January 15, the Wuhan Municipal Health Commission reiterated this, but then said that the possibility of limited human-to-human transmission could not be ruled out; however, the commission noted that the possibility of sustained human-to-human transmission remained low.

The first official statement that verified human-to-human transmission was made on January 20 by China’s leading respiratory disease expert, Zhong Nanshan. The next day, the National Health Commission reportedthat the novel coronavirus was a Class B infectious disease and that Class A methods of prevention had to be adopted.

With this notification, everything changed. On January 23, Wuhan was shut down, and the Chinese government operated on an emergency basis.

Coronavirus and the WHO

China first informed the WHO about the virus on December 31. On a regular basis, the Chinese government sent information to the WHO office in Beijing and—by January 3—informed Hong Kong, Macao, and Taiwan and relevant countries and regions. On January 4, on its Twitter account, the WHO summarized for the public that there was a “cluster” in Wuhan and that investigations were underway.

On January 9, the Chinese authorities told the WHO about initial progress toward determining the cause of the viral pneumonia. It needs to be understood that at that time there was no clarity about the virus. It was just two days earlier, on January 7, that the Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) identified the novel coronavirus (nCoV). The WHO posted a note on its website on January 9. It made two points: first, that the Chinese investigators had done a preliminary identification of the novel virus, which—in such a short period—is “a notable achievement and demonstrates China’s increased capacity to manage new outbreaks”; second, that such viruses are complex, since “some transmit easily from person to person, while others do not. According to Chinese authorities, the virus in question can cause severe illness in some patients and does not transmit readily between people.” On January 11, the WHO informed the public that it has received “the genetic sequences for the novel coronavirus from the Chinese authorities”; that day, the WHO issued an interim guidance on how to prepare if this virus spread widely.

Two days later, on January 13, based on increased understanding of the lethal virus, the Chinese National Health Commission (NHC) told Wuhan City to reduce public gatherings and to check people’s temperature at transport hubs. This was in the public domain. On January 14, the WHO’s technical team held a press briefing, where they said that there was “limited human-to-human transmission of the coronavirus (in the 41 confirmed cases), mainly through family members, and that there was a risk of a possible wider outbreak.”

By January 14, the Chinese authorities and the WHO had made the following clear: there was a new kind of coronavirus that had a limited human-to-human transmission capability and had until now been restricted within China, with one person taking the infection to Thailand from Wuhan. These were all public statements.

Bizarrely, the Associated Press ran a story on April 15 arguing that the Chinese government did not report the news of the outbreak to the public for six crucial days from January 14 to 20; in fact, the Chinese government had informed the U.S. CDC and the WHO on January 3, and had made public statements of what they knew until January 14. After Dr. Zhong Nanshan’s announcement of the lethality of the virus on January 20, everything changed.

Public Health Emergency

After Dr. Zhong Nanshan’s announcement, and based on more epidemiological work, the WHO said on January 21 that there was evidence of human-to-human transmission, although there was still no conclusive evidence that the transmission happened consistently. While Dr. Zhong made this statement, a WHO team was in Wuhan conducting a field visit. On January 22, the WHO team’s mission statement noted, “Data collected through detailed epidemiological investigation and through the deployment of the new test kit nationally suggests that human-to-human transmission is taking place in Wuhan. More analysis of the epidemiological data is needed to understand the full extent of human-to-human transmission.”

On January 22, the WHO director-general convened the WHO’s International Health Regulations (2005) Emergency Committee, which makes the decision to declare a “public health emergency.” The 15-member committee is made up of officials from the United States, France, Australia, Singapore, Canada, and Thailand. The committee was divided; it eventually declined to declare an emergency, but suggested that it should reconvene 10 days later to assess the situation. The committee had advice to countries around the world: “It is expected that further international exportation of cases may appear in any country. Thus, all countries should be prepared for containment, including active surveillance, early detection, isolation and case management, contact tracing and prevention of onward spread of 2019-nCoV infection, and to share full data with WHO.”

When the committee next met on January 30, earlier than the 10 days it gave itself, it decided to declare a “public health emergency of international concern.” Such an emergency is defined as an “extraordinary event” that is a risk due to “international spread of disease” and that requires “a coordinated international response.”

Dec. 31, 2019–Beijing receives virus genome results, informs WHO of Wuhan pneumonia with unknown cause. Wuhan announces virus on CCTV and CGTN.

Jan. 1, 2020– Chinese CCDC researchers publish an article on the suspected outbreak. Seafood market shut down.

Jan. 1, 2020–Two-hundred and nineteen US CEOs, the largest number in history, resign and cash in their stock options the peak of the market.

Jan. 3, 2020–CDC first learns of coronavirus from Chinese colleagues, according to Health and Human Services Director Alex Azar. The head of the Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention (CCDC), Dr Gao Fu, phoned the CDC’s Dr Robert Redfield, to notify him of the dangers of the virus.On January 3 the head of the U.S. Center of Disease Control was personally informed by his Chinese counterpart that there was an outbreak of pneumonia of unknown cause in Wuhan. On January 8 the “unknown cause” was identified as a novel coronavirus. A full genome sequence of the virus was published on January 12 and preliminary testing kits were developed and made available in Wuhan. By January 13 another test and test protocol had been developed in Germany and on January 17 the WHO adopted its refined version.

Jan. 3, 2020–China reports 44 suspected patients with the mystery pneumonia. National Health Commission classifies it as a highly pathogenic, orders all labs without high pathogen licenses to destroy or transfer samples to secure labs.

Jan. 9, 2020– Chinese labs confirm the existence of the new virus, begin genetic sequencing. China reports the death of a 61-year-old male in Wuhan with several underlying medical conditions.

Jan. 9–Chinese officials announce coronavirus outbreak with 44 confirmed cases.

Jan 11–China uploads the genetic sequence of the novel coronavirus to an international database but it was unclear how serious this was or if serious actions should be taken: winter, flu and pneumonia are common, but discerning a novel, serious outbreak is no simple matter.

Jan 15Wuhan’s health commission said that “although significant evidence confirming human-to-human transmission has yet to be found, the possibility of limited human-to-human transmission cannot be ruled out”.

Jan. 15.–Oxford University’s Evolutionary Ecology of Infectious Disease group says Covid-19 reached the UK no later than mid-January and may have infected half the population by March 21.

The Covid-19 virus has hit Europe harder than China. Is that the price of an open society?

A community of nations willfully ignored 500 years of modern science and medicine, willfully ignored their own infectious disease experts, spent two month partying and politicking, while watching a novel pulmonary infectious disease, with no cure and no vaccine, spreading among its own population.

Question on Quora: We got hit harder than China. Is this the price we pay for being so great.

How about no.

How about it’s a sign that these nations have gone a bit berserk. Not as far gone as the “herd immunity” UK and “packed church by Easter” US, but still a bit loony on the head.

The whole world watched China, a country of 1.4 billion people, quarantined Wuhan, a city of 11 million residents, on January 23. At the time, there were 571 confirmed cases and 17 fatalities in total. Live reported here by BBC. China coronavirus: Chinese cities under lockdown – BBC News 1.4 billion people. The world’s second biggest economy. Shut down cold. Just like that. At 571 confirmed cases! Europe, with half of China’s population, reached 339 cases by Feb. 28. Did EU implement continent-wide lock-down to slow the disease?

China went into a massive frenzy of building new hospitals and ramping up PPE production in late January. Hundreds of millions of people watched it live. This CNBC article was dated

January 23. China says it is building 1,000-bed hospital over the weekend to treat coronavirus There were many questions on Quora debating the engineering prowess at that time. Nobody asked why they needed to do that?

WHO team went to China on February 16 and published their report on February 28, detailing the length China went to fight down this disease. Dr. Tim Eckmanns (Koch Institute, Germany), Dr. Maria Van Kerkhove (WHO, Switzerland) were all on the ground, doing the investigation themselves. They knew the numbers. They saw the infectiousness. They observed the critical demand on ICUs and PPEs. Here are their recommendations:

For countries with imported cases and/or outbreaks of COVID-19

1. Immediately activate the highest level of national Response Management protocols to ensure the all-of-government and all-of-society approach needed to contain COVID-19 with non-pharmaceutical public health measures;

2. Prioritize active, exhaustive case finding and immediate testing and isolation, painstaking contact tracing and rigorous quarantine of close contacts;

3. Fully educate the general public on the seriousness of COVID-19 and their role in preventing its spread;

4. Immediately expand surveillance to detect COVID-19 transmission chains, by testing all patients with atypical pneumonias, conducting screening in some patients with upper respiratory illnesses and/or recent COVID-19 exposure, and adding testing for the COVID-19 virus to existing surveillance systems (e.g. systems for influenza-like-illness and SARI); and 22

5. Conduct multi-sector scenario planning and simulations for the deployment of even more stringent measures to interrupt transmission chains as needed (e.g. the suspension of large-scale gatherings and the closure of schools and workplaces).

Did Europe do this on February 28, or not? Remember what I said before – on February 28, Europe reported 339 Covid-19 cases. Just exceeding the disease density of China on the day China locked down (Jan. 23). If Europe had done this, it would not get hit harder than China, would it. And it would come out of it a month after China did, i.e., sometime in April.

Walking straight into an incoming train doesn’t make one “open”. It’s proof that the guy is mental. Good grief!

Offline: COVID-19 and the NHS—“a national scandal”

Jan 16–President Trump’s decides to evacuate Americans out Wuhan and bar people from from entering the US.

Jan. 18–HHS runs a 6-month, “Crimson Contagion” scenario of a respiratory virus pandemic that begins in China and quickly spreads around the world.

Jan 19–By Zhao Yusha Source:Global Times Published: 2020/6/7 10:18:41

An official document on Sunday revealed for the first time that researchers from a high-level expert team organized by China’s top national health body confirmed that the coronavirus was transmissible among humans at midnight on January 19, just hours before they notified the public, and less than a month before the experts were alerted by the newly-discovered disease.

According to the document released by China’s State Council Information Office on Sunday, experts dispatched by China’s National Health Commission (NHC) to Wuhan at the early stages of the COVID-19 outbreak confirmed the novel coronavirus could be transmitted between humans on January 19, one day before the commission held a press conference for the team headed by Zhong Nanshan, China’s leading respiratory disease specialist, who made the information public on the team’s behalf.

Delaying the release of crucial facts about the virus has been used as ammunition for the foreign media’s attacks against China, accusing the nation of “covering up” key facts regarding the epidemic at its early stages.

Before January 19, there wasn’t sufficient evidence to indicate that the virus could be transmitted by humans; to make sure that the virus had such qualities, researchers need to find out a clear transmission chain between humans; and another clear sign is the infection of medical staff, said Wang Guangfa, a leading Chinese respiratory expert at Peking University First Hospital in Beijing, who was also among the first group of experts dispatched by the NHC to Wuhan in early January.

Wang said that when they landed in Wuhan in early January, they found the number of fever patients soared during that time, and also found patients who had no direct exposure to the Huanan wet market, a place initially believed to have reported the virus first. “But the evidence was not sufficient.” He said that it had to be left to science to decide whether the virus is capable of human-to-human transmission, as any abrupt decision will cause unimaginable consequences.

According to the document, the NHC on January 14 required Wuhan and the whole Hubei Province to enhance their preparation against the virus, as “there was great uncertainties, also the ability and routes of the virus to transmit via humans still needed to be investigated with the possibility of the viral spread accelerating not being excluded.”

Six days later, Zhong confirmed the fact, saying on January 20 that two cases in Guangdong Province were confirmed to be infections via people-to-people transmission.

“The patients who had not been to Wuhan became infected, respectively, after their family members traveled to Wuhan and were infected by the virus,” Zhong told the media.

Jan. 21– WHO confirms human-to-human transmission of the virus.

Jan. 23– Complete cordon sanitaire (not quarantine) around Wuhan.

Jan. 23 – China locks down 3 cities, including Wuhan and suspends flights.New York Times: “Scott Liu, 56, a Wuhan native and a textile importer who lives in New York, caught the last commercial flight, on January 22.”

Jan. 24-Feb.14–Following private briefings on the COVID-19 pandemic, five senators sold major stock holdings, allowing them to avoid significant losses before the markets plummeted.

Jan. 24, 2020Slate op-ed by the New America Foundation proclaims, “Many of China’s actions to date are overly aggressive and ineffective in quelling the outbreak.” The Los Angeles Times calls President Xi’s efforts to rally the country, “Shoddy propaganda.” The Economist depicts China as an authoritarian plague threatening the world more than any pandemic.

Jan. 25China banned its citizens by Reserving overseas tours and Buying overseas Resorts and flight packages amid the Wuhan coronavirus. Japan tourism company faces 20,000 cancellations from coronavirus outbreak. Tourism industry hit hard as Chinese tourists stay home and China was doing basic health screening of people who left China.


Jan. 26 – A description of the first clinical cases published in The Lancet challenges that hypothesis. “No epidemiological link was found between the first patient and later cases. Their data also show that, in total, 13 of the 41 cases had no link to the marketplace. That’s a big number, 13, with no link,” says Daniel Lucey, an infectious disease specialist at Georgetown University. Lucey says if the new data are accurate, the first human infections must have occurred in November 2019—if not earlier—because there is an incubation time between infection and symptoms surfacing. “The virus came into that marketplace before it came out of that marketplace.”

Jan. 27 – World Health Organization chief Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus said on Monday there was no need for measures that “unnecessarily interfere with international travel and trade” in trying to halt the spread of a coronavirus.

Jan. 28– First confirmed coronavirus case at Seattle clinic.

Jan 29 – Dr. W. Ian Lipkin, a virus-hunter at the Columbia University Mailman School of Public Health and another American expert travel to China as part of a joint mission of the World Health Organization (WHO) and China, which conducted a field study on the virus in different parts of the country.

Jan. 29.–WHO rejects accusations that China was responsible for the global spread of COVID-19. Director-General Dr. Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus says, “[China’s] actions actually helped prevent the spread of coronavirus to other countries.”

Jan. 30: The WHO declared Covid-19 a global health emergency when there were only 82 cases outside of China and zero deaths.

Jan. 30– US State and Federal officials refuse permission for Dr. Chu, UW infectious disease expert permission to use ongoing ‘flu tests to monitor for coronavirus.

Jan. 30– The fallout from the virus in China “will help to accelerate the return of jobs to North America” with millions at the time placed under lockdown in Wuhan and elsewhere.[1] Western publications from the New York Times to the Guardian widely hailed the virus as potentially bringing an end to China’s decades of rapid economic growth – with a ‘rebalancing’ of the global economy towards Western power strongly implied.[2],[3] Against North Korea, the New York Times described the virus as potentially functioning as America’s “most effective ally” in achieving the outcome Washington had long sought – “choking the North’s economy.” [4]:

  1. Staracqualursi, Veronica and Davis, Richard, ‘Commerce secretary says coronavirus will help bring jobs to North America,’ CNN, January 30, 2020.
  2. Bradsher, Keith, ‘Coronavirus Could End China’s Decades-Long Economic Growth Streak,’ New York Times, March 16, 2020. ↑
  3. Davidson, Helen, ‘Coronavirus deals China’s economy a “bigger blow than global financial crisis,”’ The Guardian, March 16, 2020. ↑
  4. Koettl, Christoph, ‘Coronavirus Is Idling North Korea’s Ships Achieving What Sanctions Did Not,’ New York Times, March 26, 2020. ↑

Feb. 3–US CDC refuses to adopt a WHO test and ships 200 test kits.

Feb. 15–CDC announces that its tests were flawed and recalls them.

Feb 16-24– Said the WHO’s chief executive director for health emergencies, Michael Ryan of Ireland, “I have never seen the scale and commitment of an epidemic response at this level in terms of all of government. The challenge is great, but the response has been massive and the Chinese government deserve huge credit for that response and for the transparency in which they have dealt with this.”

Feb. 25, 2020 – Without government approval, Dr. Helen Chu and University of Washington colleagues begin coronavirus testing and get an immediate positive Covid-19 result. By then, the virus has contributed to the deaths of two people and would kill twenty more in the Seattle region over the following days.

March 3, 2020–CDC announces it will distribute diagnostic kits to test 75,000 people by March 17. The C.D.C. decided not to adopt a test approved by the World Health Organization and instead forged ahead with its own test.

March 9, 2020: HHS staffers often weren’t informed about coronavirus developments because they didn’t have adequate clearance. A source familiar with the meetings said HHS staffers often weren’t informed about coronavirus developments because they didn’t have adequate clearance. He said he was told that the matters were classified “because it had to do with China.”

March 11, 2020: White House classifies all coronavirus deliberations and shifts HHS meetings to a secure area called a “Sensitive Compartmentalized Information Facility,” or SCIF, usually reserved for intelligence and military operations during biowarfare or chemical attacks.

March 12, 2020: CDC director Robert Redfield admits to a House Oversight Committee that some Americans who were diagnosed as dying from influenza tested positive for Covid-19 posthumously but does not identify their dates or locations.

Mar. 11, 2020–US announces it has tested 5,000 people suspected of C-19 infection.

March 11, 2020–White House fires the National Security Council Pandemic Response Directorate. “We worked very well with that office,” Dr. Anthony Fauci, director of the NIH Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, told Congress, “It would be nice if the office was still there.”

Mar. 12, 2020– CDC director Dr. Robert Redfield testifies to Congress that some early fatalities attributed to ‘flu have been attributed to C-19 after post-mortem analysis. Dr. Redfield does not identify their dates or locations.

March 12, 2020–Chinese Foreign Ministry spokesman Zhao Lijian says the United States that lacks transparency. “When did patient zero begin in the US? How many people are infected? What are the names of the hospitals? It might be the US army who brought the epidemic to Wuhan. Be transparent! Make public your data! The US owes us an explanation!”

March 13–“If I get COVID, I’m going to China,” said Dr. Bruce Aylward, the WHO’s Assistant Director-General and head of the agency’s COVID-19 mission. “They know how to keep people alive. What I saw was a tremendous sense of responsibility, and of duty, to protect their families, their communities, and even the world, from this disease,” reflected Aylward. “I left with such a deep sense of admiration for the people of Wuhan and for Chinese society in general.”

March 13–Since Jan. 31, Santa Clara County, CA reported infections have grown to 114 as of Sunday, March 15. 15 were associated with travel to China or other infection hot zones, 28 had been in close contact with infected people and 52 involved patients with no travel risk or contact with known cases, indicating their infections were acquired through the local community.

March 17–A team of American, British, and Australian virologists announce in the scientific journal Nature, “we do not believe that any type of laboratory-based scenario is plausible…. Our analyses clearly show that SARS-CoV-2 is not a laboratory construct or a purposefully manipulated virus,” the stated in a March 17 article published. A group of 27 public health scientists from eight countries signed an open letter this March in the Lancet medical journal, “strongly condemn[ing] conspiracy theories suggesting that COVID-19 does not have a natural origin.” The letter states that the scientific findings to date “overwhelmingly conclude that this coronavirus originated in wildlife, as have so many other emerging pathogens.”

March 18, 2020–Secretary of State Mike Pompeo vows to increase crushing sanctions on Iran though it is already preventing the country from purchasing vital medicine and ventilators. In Venezuela, meanwhile, U.S. sanctions have increased the cost of a coronavirus test to three times more than in non-sanctioned countries.

March 19, 2020–China declares victory over coronavirus, the U.S. achieved a milestone of its own: it boasted the sharpest increase in deaths and new infections per day of any country in the world.

March 19, 2020–The United States announces the sharpest daily increase in deaths and new infections of any country in the world.

March 19, 2020 –US doctors run out of N95 masks

March 19, 2020 –A bipartisan group of 130 lawmakers write the Pentagon, demanding 98 new F-35 stealth fighters at a cost of $94 million each.

March 20, 2020US State Department cables all officials: “NSC Top Lines: [PRC] Propaganda and Disinformation on the Wuhan Virus Pandemic. Chinese Communist Party officials in Wuhan and Beijing had a special responsibility to inform the Chinese people and the world of the threat, since they were the first to learn of it. Instead, the… government hid news of the virus from its own people for weeks, while suppressing information and punishing doctors and journalists who raised the alarm. The Party cared more about its reputation than its own people’s suffering. “These talking points are all anyone is really talking about right now,” one official said. “Everything is about China. We’re being told to try and get this messaging out in any way possible, including press conferences and television appearances.”

March 24, 2020–Three-quarters of China’s workforce was back on the job.

March 27, 2020–The U.S. military stops providing some of the more granular data about coronavirus infections within its ranks, citing concern that the information might be used by adversaries as the virus spreads.

March 27, 2020– China’s Purchasing Managers’ Index rose to 52, above the 50 threshold that signifies expansion.

March 30. The US Defense Department orders commanders at all of its installations worldwide to stop announcing publicly new coronavirus cases among their personnel, as more than 1,000 U.S. military-linked people had been sickened by the virus.

April 2, 2020–US has the most Covid-19 infections of any country in the world.

Covid-19 video timeline:

April 16Peter Daszak, disease ecologist and the president of EcoHealth Alliance, a nonprofit that works globally to identify and study our vulnerabilities to emerging infectious disease, “I’ve been working with that [Wuhan] lab for 15 years. And the samples collected were collected by me and others in collaboration with our Chinese colleagues. They’re some of the best scientists in the world. There was no viral isolate in the lab. There was no cultured virus that’s anything related to SARS coronavirus 2. So it’s just not possible.”

April 17–CNN host Chris Cuomo said he believes there will be revelations showing the novel coronavirus was spreading in the United States as early as October. “The kids now anecdotally, Cristina believes, that at least two of them have had it in the last few months. Why? We don’t know, but atypically long-duration sinus, fever, lethargy. I think we’re going to learn that coronavirus has been in this country since, like, October, that there have been cases,” Cuomo said. “And as you guys both know, and I hear all the time from all over the country, how many people do you hear saying, ‘I think I had it, I had this and this, I lost my sense of smell and this and that, but I never got tested’? Those cases are, like, abounding all over the country,” he added.

April 21–The County of Santa Clara Medical Examiner-Coroner has identified three individuals who died with COVID-19 in Santa Clara County before the COVID-19 associated death on March 9, 2020, originally thought to be the first death associated with COVID-19 in the county. Samples from the two individuals were sent to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Today, the Medical Examiner-Coroner received confirmation from the CDC that tissue samples from both cases are positive for SARS-CoV-2 (the virus that causes COVID-19). Additionally, the Medical Examiner-Coroner has also confirmed that an individual who died in the county on March 6 died of COVID-19. These three individuals died at home during a time when very limited testing was available only through the CDC. Testing criteria set by the CDC at the time restricted testing to only individuals with a known travel history and who sought medical care for specific symptoms. As the Medical Examiner-Coroner continues to carefully investigate deaths throughout the county, we anticipate additional deaths from COVID-19 will be identified.

Italy Researchers Have Shown that Coronavirus was Circulating in Italy September 2019

November 17th, 2020

Mr. Allen

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As reported in a Reuters article earlier today, Italian researchers have shown that the Coronavirus has been circulating in Italy at least since last September.

ROME (Reuters) – The new coronavirus was circulating in Italy in September 2019, a study by the National Cancer Institute (INT) of the Italian city of Milan shows, signaling that it might have spread beyond China earlier than thought.

The World Health Organization has said the new coronavirus and COVID-19, the respiratory disease it causes, were unknown before the outbreak was reported in Wuhan, central China, late last year. But it has said “the possibility that the virus may have silently circulated elsewhere cannot be ruled out.”

The WHO said on Monday it was reviewing the results from Italy and additional information published there at the weekend and was seeking clarification.

The Italian researchers’ findings, published by the INT’s scientific magazine Tumori Journal, show 11.6% of 959 healthy volunteers enrolled in a lung cancer screening trial between September 2019 and March 2020 had developed coronavirus antibodies well before February.

A further SARS-CoV-2 antibodies test was carried out by the University of Siena for the same research titled “Unexpected detection of SARS-CoV-2 antibodies in the pre-pandemic period in Italy”.

It showed that four cases dating back to the first week of October were positive for antibodies, meaning they had got infected in September, Giovanni Apolone, a co-author of the study, told Reuters.

“This is the main finding: people with no symptoms not only were positive after the serological tests but also had antibodies able to kill the virus,” Apolone said.

The WHO said it would contact the paper’s authors “to discuss and arrange for further analyses of available samples and verification of the neutralization results”.

There have been several other research that suggests that coronavirus has been prevalent in Europe and the U.S. much earlier than previously thought, and perhaps even earlier than when the virus surfaced in Wuhan late last December.

For example, there is an Italy sewage study that suggests COVID-19 was there in December 2019. Please that note when sewage sample tests positive for Covid-19, there is sufficient sample in there to indicate established community spread.

In California, community spread has been shown to occur weeks, perhaps months, earlier than the first case of coronavirus was detected. The first case of the coronavirus in California was January 21. But according to a recent study, new COVID-19 could have been in US as early as December. Interestingly, based on genetic analyses, researchers have also shown that much of the early cases in California has arrived from New York, not China.

In a Wall Street Journal article, it is revealed that months before travel bans and lockdowns, Americans were already transmitting the virus across the country. Researchers believe that it highly likely that local community spread may have been established in several locales in the U.S. as early as mid January.

Couple all this with the opinion by many experts that the number of people having caught the coronavirus is probablay 10 times more than reported, the relatively high penetration of coronavirus in the U.S. population (it is estimated that as of early summer, in the nation’s hardest hit region, some 27.2% of the people has caught the virus while in western states, an estimated 3.5% had), and the relative low penetration of coronavirus in China (for example, consider the fact that in Wuhan, the epicenter of China’s coronavirus outbreak, only 3.9% of the population is estimated to have caught the coronavirus, one get a strong inkling that something is afoot.

With the West having been pointing fingers at China for “causing” the coronavirus – with Trump still using the term “China virus” or “China plague” since the elections – it is time to get to the bottom of this. To defeat an enemy such as the coronavirus, we must know who our enemy truly is, how it arose, where it came from, where it might come from. We owe it to the world.



The Hunt for Patient Zero in China


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